Why choose us for thyroid nodule care?
Nodules are growths in the thyroid glands. They are often harmless, but in some people, they can become cancerous.
Mays Cancer Center, home to UT Health MD Anderson Cancer Center, has highly skilled surgeons with decades of experience caring for adults and children with thyroid nodules. We provide thorough evaluations to help patients receive timely, personalized care.
Your thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system, which produces hormones that regulate organ functioning.
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What you need to know about thyroid nodules
- Thyroid nodules are common. Some people have nodules and don’t even know it. Only a small number of people have nodules that become thyroid cancer.
- Adults face a higher risk of thyroid nodules if there is a family history of thyroid cancer or nodules. Regardless of family history, the risk of nodules increases with age.
- Thyroid nodules in children often occur due to genetic conditions, such as multiple endocrine neoplasia.
- Thyroid nodules rarely require treatment. But most people need ongoing monitoring to check for changes that may lead to a cancer diagnosis.
How to talk to your doctor about thyroid nodules
We explain how thyroid nodules can affect your health, including cancer risk, and the services that help us monitor it. Together, we make a plan that reflects your medical needs and personal preferences.
You might want to ask us about:
- Evaluations and testing, and how often you need it
- Nodule details, including their number, location and size
- Treatment options for nodules that are causing symptoms or likely to become cancerous
- Genetic testing for people with a family history or hereditary conditions
Living with thyroid nodules may require care decisions that don’t always come easily. You can bring family members or trusted friends with you to appointments for support.
There are many types of thyroid nodules, including:
- Colloid nodules: Normal thyroid tissue that grows out of control
- Multinodular goiter: Enlarged thyroid that causes multiple nodules
- Thyroid cysts: Fluid-filled sacs that form in thyroid gland tissue
- Toxic thyroid nodules: Growths that cause the thyroid to produce too much hormone