Why choose us for uterine cancer care?
Multiple types of uterine cancer can develop inside the uterus (womb). Our cancer doctors at Mays Cancer Center, home to UT Health San Antonio MD Anderson Cancer Center, provide personalized, team-based care for all types of uterine cancer.
Our team includes highly skilled cancer doctors (such as gynecologic oncologists) with specialized fellowship training in cancers of the female reproductive organs. We care for a high volume of rare and complex gynecological cancer cases, including uterine sarcoma and other rare tumors.
Intricate fertility-sparing techniques help some women preserve their body’s ability to conceive after cancer treatment.
Uterine cancer is one type of gynecological cancer we treat. Learn more about our gynecologic oncology program.
What you need to know about uterine cancer
- The uterus is a reproductive organ in the pelvic area that protects and nourishes an unborn baby during pregnancy.
- Cancer that occurs in cells that make up the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) is endometrial cancer. This cancer accounts for most cases of uterine cancer. Less commonly, uterine tumors begin growing from connective tissue or other cells inside the uterus.
- Uterine cancers most often occur after menopause, during mid to later life. But it can also affect younger women under 45.
- Younger women (of childbearing age) in South Texas may have an increased risk of developing endometrial cancer. Doctors don’t understand the factors causing unusually high endometrial cancer rates in South Texas, particularly for younger, Hispanic women.
- If you miss your period for three months or longer, your doctor should evaluate you. In rare cases, a missed period could be an early sign of uterine cancer.
- You can protect your health by exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If someone in your family has had breast, endometrial, ovarian or colon cancer, you can assess your level of risk at our Zeller Building.
How to talk to your doctor about uterine cancer
Cancer impacts everyone differently. You don’t have to face it alone. Our team supports you at every point on your care journey.
We explain your diagnosis in a way you can understand. Our doctors take the time to review test results with you, helping you can feel confident in your care. We welcome family or friends at your appointments and encourage their support.
We make sure to answer all your questions, including how cancer treatment could affect your reproductive health.
You might want to ask your doctor about:
- Additional testing you might need to determine the type of uterine cancer or guide treatment decisions
- Cancer stage, including the size of a tumor and whether it has spread and how it could impact your long-term health
- Treatment options, including fertility-sparing treatment options that preserve your body’s ability to have children
- Clinical trials you may be eligible for, at any phase of your care
- Support services, including how to connect with members of Purple Heals, an active support group of local gynecological cancer survivors
Most uterine cancers fall into two types:
- Endometrial cancers account for the vast majority of uterine cancers. Cancer cells start growing from the inner lining (called the endometrium) of the uterus.
- Uterine sarcomas are rare tumors that make up less than 3% of all uterine cancers. Uterine sarcoma tumors start growing from muscle cells that make up the uterus wall.