There are many types of testicular cancer, and not all act (or react to treatment) in the same way. Most testicular cancers grow from the cells that make sperm (called germ cells) inside the testes.
Our doctors treat common and rare types of testicular cancer, including:
- Seminoma cancers usually develop inside the testes and tend to grow slowly. This type of cancer can spread to the lymph nodes.
- Nonseminoma cancers may grow and spread more quickly without treatment.
Testicular cancer doesn’t always cause noticeable symptoms. Common testicular cancer symptoms include:
- Lump or swelling in a testicle
- Discomfort or pain in a testicle
- A heavy feeling in the scrotum
- Dull ache in the back or lower abdomen
- Change to how a testicle looks or feels
There’s more than one way to diagnose testicular cancer. Our doctors always start with a thorough physical examination. Your doctor will consider your overall health and symptoms before recommending you undergo one or more tests. Get more information about cancer diagnosis.
Your doctor may recommend:
- Blood or urine tests to check for substances that point to cancer (called tumor markers)
- Imaging tests, such as a CT scan or ultrasound, to confirm the presence and location of a mass
Testicular cancer treatment usually includes surgery to remove the affected testicle. Your doctor may also remove nearby lymph nodes during surgery, if there’s a chance cancer cells may have spread.
Our team includes experienced surgeons who expertly perform specialized techniques that remove cancer while preserving sexual function. You can trust you’re in excellent hands here.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can sometimes increase treatment effectiveness or stop testicular cancer from coming back. Our pathologists will examine cancer cells under a microscope and determine which therapies are most likely to be effective.
Read more about additional cancer treatments.
As a large academic medical center, we offer you access to therapies available only through clinical trials. Our team will sit down with you to talk through any options you may be eligible for and help you decide how a clinical trial could enhance your treatment plan. Learn more about cancer clinical trials and research.