Our doctors specialize in treating all forms of early and advanced kidney cancer, including:
- Renal cell carcinoma: The most common type of kidney cancer, it may develop into one or multiple tumors inside the kidney.
- Urothelial carcinoma: Also called transitional cell carcinoma, urothelial carcinoma is less common. This cancer doesn’t actually develop inside the kidney. It grows from cells located where the ureters (tubes that connect your kidney to your bladder) meet the kidneys.
- Wilms tumor: This type of kidney cancer that usually affects young children under the age of 3. Our team includes pediatric oncologists. These well-known experts tailor care to the unique needs of children. Learn more about Wilms tumor.
Sometimes kidney cancer causes no obvious symptoms. Blood in the urine (which may look dark red or brown) is the most common sign of kidney cancer.
This symptom often happens from a routine problem that’s easily treatable. But you should always tell your doctor if you notice blood in your urine, especially if it doesn’t go away.
Kidney cancer may also cause:
- Pain on one or both sides of your body, between your hips and ribs
- Extreme tiredness (fatigue)
- Loss of appetite
- A lump or mass you can feel near your abdomen
- Fever that doesn’t go away and can’t be easily explained
Doctors often diagnose kidney cancer using a combination of blood, urine and imaging tests. Learn more about cancer diagnosis.
Our doctors may confirm or rule out kidney cancer with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the kidneys or a special type of CT scan called a CT urogram. This procedure lets doctors see clear detail of the kidneys and ureters.
Certain gene mutations may put you or your family at increased risk for kidney cancer. Our doctors may recommend genetic testing to learn more about kidney cancer and your future cancer risk. Learn more about our cancer genetics and high-risk screening clinic.
If you have kidney cancer, you’re in the right place. Our doctors work together to treat kidney cancer using the latest cancer advances and surgical techniques.
Surgery to remove cancerous tumors or an entire kidney is an effective treatment for many types of kidney cancer. Mays Cancer Center is home to some of the country’s leading experts in complex kidney cancer surgery.
Drawing patients from all over South and Central Texas, we treat a very high volume of advanced kidney cancers where cancer cells spread beyond the kidney. Our skill level and team approach allow us to perform complicated surgeries to successfully remove kidney cancer for complex cases, particularly tumor thrombus.
In tumor thrombus, kidney cancer spreads to the inferior vena cava blood vessel and moves toward the heart and liver. This surgery is very technical and requires cancer surgeons to work in close coordination with vascular and cardiac surgeons to remove cancer while protecting your other organs.
At our center, you have access to chemotherapy medicines and novel biological agents (immunotherapy) that are among the most advanced. Our doctors may recommend one of these therapies before or after surgery to better treat kidney cancer. Read more about cancer treatments.
Our doctors have special expertise in immunotherapy and other targeted medicines that are revolutionizing how doctors everywhere treat kidney cancer.
If you are eligible, a clinical trial involving one of these promising advances may help increase treatment effectiveness. We will discuss all your options with you and explain how a clinical trial may benefit you, at any phase of your treatment. Learn more about cancer clinical trials and research.