Hereditary cancer syndromes
Our expertise spans a broad range of hereditary cancer syndromes, including:
This rare condition raises a person’s risk of noncancerous tumors. The syndrome also increases the chances of thyroid, breast or uterine cancer. A person with Cowden syndrome may have additional health and developmental problems. These problems may include learning disabilities, autism and abnormal skin growths.
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
FAP causes precancerous growths (polyps) to form in the lower gastrointestinal tract, especially the colon and rectum. It’s not uncommon for people with FAP to develop hundreds of polyps in these organs. If left untreated, these polyps will develop into cancer.
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome
HBOC increases the risk of breast, ovarian and other cancers. Women with HBOC face a 1 in 2 chance of experiencing breast cancer in their lifetime. These cancers stem from abnormal changes (mutations) in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.
This rare syndrome increases the risk of breast cancer, bone cancer, brain tumors and soft tissue tumors (sarcomas). Cancer in people with Li-Fraumeni syndrome often occurs at a younger age, even in childhood. And you may experience multiple types of cancer in your lifetime.
The most common cause of hereditary colon cancer is Lynch syndrome. The condition, also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, raises a person’s risk of colon, uterine, stomach and liver cancer. Lynch syndrome may also cause cancer at a younger age (before 50 years old).
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes
These conditions raise a person’s risk for cancerous and noncancerous endocrine gland tumors. Your endocrine glands produce hormones, chemical messengers that control certain body functions. Tumors may cause your body to produce high levels of hormones or glands to become larger than normal.